Foundations of Corrections

Course Number: CRIMLJUS 2230
Course Name: Foundations of Corrections (Online)
Course Description:    The theories, philosophies and practices of corrections; sentencing structures and their relationship to correctional objectives; the modes of correctional intervention.
Prerequisites:    CRIMILJUS 1130 with a "C-" or better
Level: Undergraduate
Credits: 3
Format: Online
Program: Bachelor of Science in Business Administration
Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice

Registration Instructions

NOTE: The information below is representative of the course and is subject to change.  The specific details of the course will be available in the Desire2Learn course instance for the course in which a student registers.

additional Information

Learning Outcomes
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to

  • Understand the origin, development, and evolution of corrections in America.
  • Distinguish between the correctional systems at the local, state, and federal levels.
  • Understand the administration philosophies of corrections institutions.
  • Identify the legal issues and constitutional guarantees for inmates.
  • Understand how the police and court system relate to corrections.
  • Understand the various philosophies of punishment and forms utilized.
  • Discuss the correctional system, including probaation and paraole, and other forms of community corrections.
  • Perform academic research, compile your findings, and produce a research paper.

Unit Descriptions
Course Organization and Assignment Descriptions

Unit 1: History and Development of the Correctional Context
Unit 1 provides an overview of the history and development of corrections in the United States as well as an overview of the foundations of correctional law.

Upon completion of this unit, you should be able to

  • Understand the history of the correctional system and sentencing.

Unit 2: Correctional Practices and Prisoners

Unit 2 differentiates between prisons and jails and considers the different types of prisoners and their experiences--including those of women and juveniles.

Upon completion of this unit, you should be able to

  • Understand correctional practices to include diverse populations.

Unit 3: Probation, Parole, and Alternatives

Unit 3 provides an in-depth look at probation, parole, and intermediate sanctions.We will discuss the history, development, strengths, weaknesses, and effectiveness of these "backdoor" options.

Upon completion of this unit, you should be able to

  • Understand community based supervision.

Unit 4: Correctional Issues and Perspectives

Unit 4, the final unit, provides a review of some of the special issues facing corrections, including a look at the impact of race and ethnicity on the correctional experience. Issues such as prison overcrowding, the death penalty, and community justice will also be explored.

Upon completion of this unit, you should be able to

  • Understand the effectiveness and future of American corrections.

Grading Criteria for Activities

Assignment Possible Points
Exams (1 @ 60 pts, 1 @ 75 pts, 2 @ 50 pts. each) 240 points
Papers (1 @ 40 pts, 1 @ 60 pts.) 100 points
Mini Assignments (10 @ 10 pts. each) 100 points
Participation (includes respond to some
"end of lecture" discussion questions
40 points
Total: 480 points

Extra Credit Assignment
At the end of the semester, you will have the opportunity to do an extra credit assignment. This is OPTIONAL and will be worth 10 points.

Grading Scale

A 423 - 480 points
B 384 - 422 points
C 336 - 383 points
D 288 - 335 points
F 0 - 287 points

*This course is a core requirement. Students must earn a "C" or better to have it count towards their major.

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