Agronomy

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University contact person:  Dr. Kris Mahoney

Bubble sheet suggestions for the Agronomy CDE

Information from related Agronomy events

Contest Purpose:  To create interest and promote understanding of agronomy through the demonstration of skills and proficiencies.

Objectives:

  1. To demonstrate basic knowledge of agronomic principles and practices.
  2. To explore career opportunities, skills, and proficiencies in the agronomy industry.
  3. To determine the ability to identify agronomic:
Crops Diseases
Weeds Plant nutrient deficiencies
Seeds Grain and seed grading
                   . Insects         . Crop inputs
  1. To evaluate real world scenarios and make sound agronomic decisions.
  2. To demonstrate an understanding of integrated pest management and best management.

The event will consist of three parts. An Agronomic Quiz and Calculations section will test general knowledge. An Annual Practicum of plant identification, soils, and grain grading will be used every year. A Rotational Practicum of seed grading, general fertilizer knowledge, and insect identification were used in 2001 and odd years thereafter. In even years (i.e. 2002), nutrient deficiency, herbicide and pesticides, and plant diseases will be emphasized.

The three parts of the contest and their point values are shown:
                     . Part 1       . Agronomic quiz and calculations 20 questions      . 200 pts
Part 2 Annual Practicum 250 pts
Part 3 Rotational Practicum 250 pts

Event Rules

  1. Team size shall be four members and all four members will be scored and all four scores will count towards the team total.
  2. Due to lack of time, there will be no team activities; all work shall be done individually.
  3. All schools and participants will be given and ID number by which they will be designated.
  4. Participants will be escorted through all event sites.
  5. The contest superintendent reserves the right to administer the contest in the most fair practical manner deemed appropriate.
  6. Any cheating will result in disqualification of that person and their entire team from this event.

Complete Plant And Insect Lists

Weed Plants and/or Seeds
Barnyardgrass

Field Bindweed

Quackgrass

Broadleaf Plantain

Field Penny Cress Redroot Pigweed

Buckhorn Plantain

Giant Foxtail Sandbur

Bull Thistle

Giant Ragweed Shepherdspurse

Bur Cucumber

Green Foxtail Perennial Sowthistle

Burdock

Smooth Groundcherry Velvetleaf

Canada Thistle

Hedge Bindweed Waterhemp

Common Chickweed

Hemp Dogbane Wild Buckwheat

Cocklebur

Horsenettle Wild Carrot

Common Mallow

Horseweed Wild Mustard

Common Milkweed

Jimsonweed Wild Proso Millet

Common Mullein

Ladysthumb Smartweed Wild Radish

Common Purslane

Common Lambsquarter Wirestem Muhly

Common Ragweed

Leafy Spurge Witchgrass

Smooth Crabgrass

Milkweed White Campion

Curly Dock

Musk Thistle Woolly Cupgrass

Dandelion

Pennsylvania Smartweed Yellow Foxtail

Dodder

Plumeless Thistle Yellow Nutsedge

Eastern Black Nightshade         .

Prickly Lettuce Yellow Rocket

Fall Panicum

Prostrate Knotweed                     .

Crop Plants and/or Seeds
Alfalfa Oats Sunflower
Barley Orchardgrass Sweetclover
Birdsfoot Trefoil Peas Sweet Corn
Buckwheat Pop Corn Switchgrass
Canola Potato Tall Fescue
Cucumber Red Clover Timothy
Dent Corn Rye Tobacco
Dry Bean Smooth Bromegrass         . Wheat
Flax Sorghum White Clover
Kentucky Bluegrass            . Soybean
Pearl Millet Sudangrass

Insects and mites
Alfalfa caterpillar Green cloverworm Tarnished plant bug
Alfalfa looper Green lacewing Thrips
Alfalfa plant bug Ground beetle Webworm
Alfalfa weevil Honeybee Whitefly
Aphids Hop vine borers White grubs
Armyworms Hoverfly Wireworm complex
Bean leaf beetle Ladybugs
Blister beetles Meadow spittle bug           .
Chinch bug Plant bugs
Colorado potato beetle            . Potato leafhopper
Corn ear worm Seed corn beetle
Corn flea beetle Seed corn maggot
Corn rootworm Spider mites
Cucumber beetle Spined soldier bug
Cutworms Stalk borers
European corn borer Stink bugs
Grasshopper complex

Event Format:

1.  Equipment
	Students must have two sharpened #2 pencils and an electronic calculator.
2. The event will contain:
	A. General Knowledge Examination (20 multiple choice questions, 200pts)
	   Questions will be of general agronomic nature and may come from references 
	   listed at the end of this document or similar agronomic literature.
	   Examples:
		B  1. The growth habit of winter wheat is a) summer annual b)winter annual
		      c)perennial d) biennial
		A  2. The test weight per bushel for wheat is a)60 b)58 c)56 d)48lbs.
		C  3. Soybeans grown in Wisconsin are of what growth type a)perennial 
		      b)determinate c)indeterminate d)axillary

	B. Annual Practicum (300 points)
		1.  Plant and seed identification (20 ids, 200pts)
		    Participants will identify 20 weed and/or crop plants or seeds
		    A complete list of weed and crop species is attached
		2.  Soils (50 points)
		    Participants will identify various soil textures
		    and analyze a soil survey
		3.  Grain grading (50 points)
		    Participants will grade a crop sample class and rank the class 
		    Grain grading in accordance with the Official U.S. Standards of Grain
	C. Rotational Practicum (300 points)
		1.  Nutrient Deficiencies (100 points)
		    Participants will identify nutrient deficiencies in corn and soybeans
		2.  Plant diseases (100 points)
		    Participants will identify diseases on corn and soybeans.
		3.  Pesticides (100 points)
		    Participants will identify different parts of pesticide label
			and make recommendations based on label information.
3. Tiebreakers
      A tiebreaker question will be included in one of the exams to be use in case of a tie.