|Check with the instructor who will be grading the paper to learn the instructor's citation style preferences.|
Refer also to MLA (Modern Language Association) or APA (American Psychological Association) style manuals.
Refer also to the Karrmann Library's Citation Guides and Writer's Resources web page.
citation tool for UWP users to build
bibliographies and a personal database of records.
For Chicago Style examples, please visit UW-Madison's Writing Center
The following are examples of possible citations.
MLA Style [5.6.4] [5.4] Lastname, Author. "Title of Article." Title of Journal volume.issue (year): page-page. Database Title. Web. Day, month, year accessed. Capps, Krista A. "Training Tomorrow’s Environmental Problem Solvers." Bioscience 59.6 (2009): 514-21. Academic Search Premier. Web. 31 October 2009
APA Style [7.01, 1] [7.01, 3]
Journal article with DOI assigned:
Lastname, A. (year). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume,(issue) page-page. Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Morewedge, C., Kassam, K. (2009). Duration sensitivity depends on stimulus familiarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 138(2), 177-186. doi:10.1037/a0015219
Notes from the APA:
The final or archival version of the article is being referenced, so there is no need to include retrieval date.
The article was retrieved from the PsycARTICLES database. However, no database name or URL is needed because the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) functions as both a unique identifier of the content (taking the place of a database name or accession number) and a link to the content (taking the place of a URL).
Journal article with no DOI assigned:
Sillick, T. J., & Schutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self-esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48. Retrieved from http://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/ejap/article/view/71/100 Hager, M. H. (2007). Therapeutic diet order writing: Current issues and considerations. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 22(1), 28-36. Retrieved from http://www.topicsinclinicalnutrition.com
Notes from the APA:
If there is no DOI assigned, give the exact URL (if the content is open-access) or the URL of the journal home page (if the content is accessible by subscription).
No retrieval date is included because the final version of the article is being referenced.
Name of author, compiler, director, editor, narrator, performer, or translator of the site, if given. Title of the Site. Publisher or sponsor of the site; if not available, use N.p. Web. Date of access (day, month, year). Include the URL if the reader probably cannot locate the source easily or if the instructor requires it. Young, Kay, ed. Plagiarism Prevention. 6 June 2009. Elton S. Karrmann Library, U of Wisconsin-Platteville. 9 Sept. 2009 <http://www.uwplatt.edu/library/ reference/plagiarism.html>.
APA [7.09] Informally published or self-archived work
Shirinov, A. (n.d.). Microrobotics. Retrieved from http://alex.shirinov.com/RInterests.html#microrobotics National Nanotechnology Initiative. (2008). Retrieved from http:www.nano.gov/index.html
Note: Do not end the reference with a period, if the period would follow a URL.
If no author is given, begin citation with the title.
Kramer, Andrew E. "Arctic Shortcut Beckons Shippers as Ice Thaws." New York Times. New York Times, 11 September 2009. 14 September 2009.
APA [7.01, 11]
Russon, G. (2007, November 9). Veterans, loved ones help Vietnam wall speak. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved from http://www.chicagotribune.com
Writer, Name. "Subject of Message." Message to Recipient Name. Date of message. E-mail. Sampson, Zora. "Flooded Area Materials." Message to Judy Wurtzler. 10 September 2009. E-mail.
Note: Personal communications are not cited in the reference list, but instead in the text of the paper, according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Section 6.20.
Example: Z. Sampson (personal communication, September 14, 2009)
Bottega, William. Engineering Vibrations. Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2006. Print.
Crawford, J. (2006). Optimizing human capital with a strategic project office. Boca Raton: Auerbach.
Zivin, Justin. "Understanding Clinical Trials." Scientific American 282.4 (2000): 69-75. Print.
APA [7.01, 3]
Sander, C. (2000). Genomic medicine and the future of health care. Science, 287, 1977-1981.
Liptak, Adam. "In Case About Google's Secrets, Yours are Safe." New York Times 26 Jan. 2006:A1+. Print.
APA [7.01, 10]
Curry, Jack. (2005, Nov. 16). Baseball backs stiffer penalties for steroid use. New York Times, pp. A1, D2. Weinbach, Jon. (2005, June 17). When players don't pay. Wall Street Journal, pp. W1, W8.
Note: In APA style, if a newspaper article is one page, use "p." but use "pp." when citing multiple-page articles.
Lansbury, Rita. Personal interview. 24 May 2000. Wiesel, Elie. Interview by Ted Koppel. Nightline. ABC. WABC, New York. 18 Apr. 2002. Television.
"The Phantom of Corleone." Narr. Steve Kroft. Sixty Minutes. CBS. WCBS, New York, 10 Dec. 2006. Television.
Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour. [Television broadcast]. New York and Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.
National Institute of Justice. Building Knowledge About Crime and Justice. Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Justice, 1997. Print.
National Criminal Justice Commission. (1996). The real war on crime. New York: HarperPerennial.
Lean Supply Chain: Collected Practices and Cases. New York: Productivity Press, 2006.
Webster's new college dictionary. (2008). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.